This section is divided into regions of the body such as the various joints and bones where we find some of the more common problems that can result in lameness in our patients. Additionally, we have made comments on what is involved with an orthopedic examination, overview of lameness that is more common in younger versus older pets and different problems seen in smaller breeds versus larger breeds, as well as sections on pain management and physical therapy. This section is ongoing with development and expansion of topics.